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The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 comes into force
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 has come into force on January 1, 2016 after the President of India gave his assent to the bill on December 31, 2015.The 2015 Act repeals and replaces the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000. It provides to treat juveniles aged between 16 and 18 as adults if they are charged for commission of heinous crimes, a new legal position which has been criticised by the child rights activists.
Aims at ensuring protection, proper care, development and social reintegration of children in difficult circumstances by adopting a child-friendly approach. Permits trying of juveniles between the ages of 16 and 18 years as adults for heinous offences. Establishment of Child Welfare Committees (CWC) along with Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB) in each district. Empowers JJB to examine the nature of crime and decide whether it was committed as a child mind or as an adult mind. Based upon the preliminary inquiry of JJB, juvenile offender will be either sent for rehabilitation or will be tried as an adult. The CWC will determine institutional care for juvenile in need of care and protection. Prescribes eligibility of adoptive parents and the procedure for adoption. Penalties for cruelty against a child have been prescribed in case of offering a narcotic substance to a child and selling and abduction of a child.