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Gandhi Jayanti: Celebrating Mahatma Gandhi's 146th Birth Anniversary

MAHATMA GHANDHI

Gandhi Jayanti or Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti is observed every year as a national holiday to commemorate the birth Anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948). The Day is a moment to relive Mohandas Gandhi's life and contribution to India's Independence. On the occasion of 146th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi let us take the opportunity to salute the 'The Father of our Nation'. Early Life: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father name was Karamchand Gandhi and Mother Putlibai. Gandhi married Kasturbai Makhanji at the age of 13. Gandhi at the age of 18 went to England to study law and returned to India in 1915.

Contribution to the Nation: After his return to the nation, he led nationwide stir for achieving Sawaraj/Independence, abolition of social evils, empowering women rights and improving economic conditions of peasants and farmers. He further strengthened his movement against the British Raj and led Indians in protesting Dandi March Salt in 1930 that was later followed by the popular Quit India. 'The Story of My Experiments with Truth ', an autobiography written by Gandhiji is a great literary work.
Many political representatives from different religions including President and Prime Minister of the country pay homage to Raj Ghat, Gandhi's memorial in New Delhi. The occasion is a tribute to the Father of Nation, is generally marked by singing prayers, offering flowers and garlanding Gandhiji's photo or statue. Prayers and Verses are read out from Holy books of all religions. Mahatma Gandhi's favourite song 'Raghupati Raghava' is customarily sung as a part of celebration .

Birthday of Lal Bahadur Shastri (2nd October)
Lal Bahadur Shastri’s birthday is celebrated on 2nd October every year. He was the second Prime Minister of India and also a leader of the Indian National Congress Party. He gave the slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” which means “Hail the solder, Hail the farmer).

Brief Biography
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in Ramnagar, Varanasi, on 2nd October 1904. He studied in East Central Railway Inter College in Mughalsarai and Varanasi. He completed his graduation from the Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926. He was given the title “Shastri” meaning “Scholar” by Vidya Peeth as a part of his bachelor’s degree award. But this title got into his name. Shastri was very much influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and Tilak. Shastri got married to Lalita Devi on 16 May 1928. He became a life member of the Servants of the People Society (Lok Sevak Mandal), founded by Lala Lajpat Rai. There he started to work for the upliftment of backward classes, and later he became the President of that Society.
During 1920s, Shastri joined the Indian Independence Movement, in which he participated in the non-cooperation movement. He was sent to jail for some time by the British. In 1930, Shastri participated in the Salt Satyagraha, for which he was imprisoned for more than two years. In 1937, he joined as the Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of U.P. He was again sent to jail in 1942, after Mahatma Gandhi issued the Quit India speech in Mumbai. He was imprisoned until 1946. Shastri had spent some nine years in jail in total. He utilized his stay in prison by reading books and familiarizing himself with the works of western philosophers, revolutionaries and social reformers.